The Ancient Persian Art


The ancient Persian Art

The ancient Persian culture awarded a preponderant importance to the decorative aspect in their art; which used as resource and vehicle of expression with a deep philosophical meaning about life. This decorative aspect shows the daily events of the man in his perennial struggle for survival.

The profuse decorative symbolisms express their desires and aspirations as well as its particular way of seeing life with security, self-confidence and great inner power. It is an attractive, expressive and refined decoration; aimed directly at the heart of the viewer through the emotions that communicates.



 They designed these objects of art using figurative patterns; where the images of the original objects and the human figure in it are easily recognized.

The slow process of finding and establishing an ideal formula for a decoration to express their emotions and concepts about life; began since the first artists, the primitive painters of ceramics made the conventions of great clarity and expressive power in which laid the foundations for the type of decorative design so characteristic of the imagination of the Persians. They opened the doors to endless possibilities of illustrations, techniques and ways of development their art; evolving since them thru thousands of years.


Achaemenid dynasty gold and silver work

Persian art has a close relationship with poetry as well as the religious and philosophical thinking. Thousand years of literary developments corroborate that the Persians are about other cultures as the most poets and imaginative. This feature of desbordable imagination moves to his works of art in all its artistic manifestations.

 Persian artisans and artists achieve that the images of their designs Express emotional strength and are not just limited to represent the purely intrinsic character of the object. In their hands; these works of art come to life, denote expressions such as joy or sadness, thus attracting a wide range of deep and intense sensations comparable to the sensations we feel with the musical works.

Broughted by the overriding need to emotional expression so specific and inherent to the Persian people, the artist explore a wide range of possibilities of expressing the beauty using a lot of resources in which are not ruled out even elements of the culture of other peoples.


Persian art slowly mature and developed their own specific canons proving to be so effective; that passed the test of time and the borders they influenced.

 Fantastic legends, stories of fairy or even the way they delineated the monsters features always had a realistic and convincing air with a dramatic and emotional load where it is perceived that they rejected the dark, confused and irrational aspects.



The Persians were skilled masters in the development of miniatures which prepared with exquisite detail but were also able to develop monumental works with astonishing ingenuity and amazing technical fanfare.


This emphasis on the enlightenment does not produce a cold or abstract art on the other hand; they manage the way of expressing movement in lines, expressiveness and dare color, definition of the forms with the use of contrasts between the figure and the background. Although; It is true that sometimes seems a little calculated about excessively conscious and fussy in search of consistent concentration and balance, these elements at the end help to the expressiveness of the work and the successful communication of feelings rather than detract from the effectiveness of this intention.



The Persian designers were able to achieve balance and perfect fit even in works with intricate motifs. They proved to have a peculiar ability in reducing images to its simplest terms without losing the expressiveness.

They could achieve in their works a perfect communication with the Viewer even with just silhouettes and they knew very well indicate a fact or abstract idea; without violating the terms of coherent visual expectation, eliminating the frustration that the effect of ambiguity can produce in the Viewer.


In the explorations to find their own identity throughout so long time of development of the Persian culture, in certain moments we see some compulsion occurs towards the realism or naturalism to be influenced by the art of Rome or Greece. But this style did not satisfy the Persians, it seemed relatively superficial, particular and individual. They favored more towards a universal and timeless presentation.

Although the formulas that they were developed in Persian art were numerous and many of them efficient and rational too; often they became standardized models executed with reiteration.

Nevertheless,  this culture art  representation must be acknowledged as one who occupies a predominant place in terms of the amount of artistic formulas implemented in their art, achieving supremacy in many ways in which stand out the frescoes; showing universally valid forms of artistic expression that make up; along with the rest of the Persian works a precious heritage for current and future generations.